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Addresses AP® Chemistry Big Idea 1 and Learning Objective 1.19. Determine the identity of 2 unknown Group I metal carbonates using gravimetric analysis. Can be taught using either a guided or an inquiry activity. In the guided activity, students precipitate the carbonates with excess calcium ions. After drying, the mass and moles of the resulting calcium carbonate are determined. From that data, they calculate the formula mass of the unknown Group I metal carbonate and identify the Group I metal.
Students determine the identity of 2 unknown Group I metal carbonates using gravimetric analysis. This rigorous laboratory exercise can be taught using either a guided or an inquiry activity. In the guided activity, the first step is to precipitate the carbonates with excess calcium ions. After drying, the mass and moles of the resulting calcium carbonate are determined. From that data, students calculate the formula mass of the unknown Group I metal carbonate and identify the Group I metal.
The inquiry activity allows students to design a procedure for precipitating aqueous carbonate ions from 2 unknown Group I metal carbonates and analyzing the data to identify the unknown metal. It also provides an opportunity for students to present their experimental design and results, reinforcing the practice of communicating findings. Detailed preparation and procedure notes guide the teacher through leading a successful inquiry activity and include a suggested rubric for assessing student performance.
In the Big Idea assessment, students write and balance the chemical equation for the calcium chloride and sodium carbonate reaction, determine whether there are sufficient calcium ions to precipitate all the carbonate ions, and calculate the mass of calcium carbonate produced. Students also apply their gravimetric analysis skills to determine mass of silver in silver ore.
This kit provides the following AP® Chemistry experiences: design a procedure to collect data, analyze data, perform error analysis, calculate percent error, write and balance chemical equations, perform stoichiometric calculations, and identify limiting reagents in reactions. The use of sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate as the unknowns makes this procedure safer than traditional procedures that use heavy-metal carbonates. Materials are sufficient for 30 students working in pairs. Digital teacher’s manual, included FREE with kit purchase, is a 12-month eBook license to the Gravimetric Analysis of a Carbonate teacher’s manual. You can also access the digital student guide for this kit for free at
AP® is a trademark registered and/or owned by the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, these products.
|Potassium Carbonate, Anhydrous, 50 g||1||Included|
|Sodium Carbonate, Anhydrous, 50 g||1||Included|
|Calcium Chloride, Anhydrous, 500 g||1||Included|
|Teacher's Manual and Reproducible Student Guide||1||Included|
|Bottles, 500 mL||2||Needed, Not included|
|Beakers, 250 mL||15||Needed, Not included|
|Erlenmeyer Flasks, 250 mL||15||Needed, Not included|
|Graduated Cylinders, 50 or 100 mL||15||Needed, Not included|
|Stirring Rods||15||Needed, Not included|
|Funnels||15||Needed, Not included|
|Filter Paper||15||Needed, Not included|
|Paper Towels||15||Needed, Not included|
|Labels||2||Needed, Not included|
|Crucibles, 15 mL||15||Needed, Not included|
|Crucible Tongs||15||Needed, Not included|
|Heating Triangles||15||Needed, Not included|
|Bunsen Burners||15||Needed, Not included|
|Ring Stands||15||Needed, Not included|
|Iron Rings||15||Needed, Not included|
|Wire Gauze or Heat-resistant Pads||15||Needed, Not included|
|Spatulas||15||Needed, Not included|
|Wash Bottles of Distilled Water||15||Needed, Not included|
|Permanent Marker||1||Needed, Not included|
|Drying Oven or Dessicators||Needed, Not included|
|Digital Milligram Balance(s)||Needed, Not included|
|Deionized or Distilled Water||Needed, Not included|
If you are an AP teacher, you go out of your way to help your students perform successfully on the AP Exam. Carolina Investigations® for AP* Chemistry Kits are specifically designed to help you do just that.
Carolina Investigations® for AP Chemistry kits are designed to help AP teachers help their students achieve exceptional results by:
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*AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, these products.
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