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Grade 3. During 6 lessons spanning 20 class sessions, Weather and Climate Patterns introduces students to all of the components that make up weather. Building Blocks of Science® lessons are structured in 30-minute class sessions, making it easy to fit science into your day. The Weather and Climate Patterns 1-Use Unit Kit includes a Teacher’s Guide (item #514802A) and enough supplies and apparatus to teach the unit once to a class of up to 30 students.
Grade 3. In 6 lessons spanning 20 class sessions, students are introduced to all of the components that make up weather. By investigating what causes changes in the different components of weather, students build an understanding that weather and climate are directly related, and that changes in atmospheric pressure can cause hazardous weather conditions. Through exploration, students delve deeply into the science behind temperature, air pressure, and wind, and realize that weather conditions are dependent on different patterns of combinations of these components. The unit culminates with students finding solutions to lessen the impact of weather hazards such as tornadoes and hurricanes.
Building Blocks of Science® lessons are structured in 30-minute class sessions, making it easy to fit science into your day. The Weather and Climate Patterns 1-Use Unit Kit includes a Teacher’s Guide (item #514802A), teacher and student access to digital materials, and enough supplies and apparatus to teach the unit once to a class of up to 30 students.
Next Generation Science Standards®
The Building Blocks of Science® unit Weather and Climate Patterns, 2nd Edition, integrates process skills as defined by the Next Generation Science Standards®.
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Science and Engineering Practices
AssessmentThis unit offers several ways to assess students. Teachers can use class discussions and charts to assess each lesson. Student activity sheets and science notebook entries—including drawings, writings, and dictated statements—can be used to gauge individual understanding of objectives and key vocabulary throughout the unit. The rubric provides a progression of skills and understanding that covers exploration, vocabulary, concept building, and notebook entries.
Lesson 1: What’s the Weather?
Students learn what weather is and how to measure different aspects of it. In a pre-unit assessment, students discuss different types of weather that they have observed. Through investigation, students uncover ways meteorologists use tools to measure rainfall, wind, and temperature. They also touch upon the science of forecasting.
Lesson 2: Weather Data
Students begin this lesson by learning how to calculate averages. They are then provided temperatures for a specific period of time. The students then use what they have learned about averages to calculate both the daily and the weekly average for the temperature during that time. Next, they use local media to determine how much precipitation their area has received over a five-day period. Working in groups of four, they put together a report about the weather in their area, then create a mock newscast to deliver that information to their classmates.
Lesson 3: Weather Patterns
Students observe daily weather patterns in their area, then compare the data they collect to data they collected in the previous lesson. Working in pairs, they will construct a rain gauge. At the end of each day, they observe the rain gauge and determine how much and what type of precipitation has fallen. After making a record of their findings, they are asked to predict what the weather will be like the following week. During that week, they again record their observations of daily weather patterns, and afterward compare the actual weather that occurred to their predictions.
Lesson 4: Weather vs. Climate
Students relate weather to climate, learning that climate refers to a region's weather over a period of time. They learn the five parts to Earth's climate system—atmosphere, biosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere, and land surface. Students also identify polar, temperate, and tropical climate zones. They investigate how Earth's climate system and climate zones interact. Finally, students apply their knowledge to the climatic conditions of an assigned region and of their own community.
Lesson 5: Hazardous Weather
Students learn about various types of natural hazards, including heavy rain and thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes, hurricanes, flooding, and snowstorms. Working in pairs, students then select one kind of natural hazard and perform additional research to learn everything they can about it. They then formulate a plan to reduce the impact of their weather-related hazard. Part of that plan includes a design solution. Using mathematics, they correctly measure their design solution to scale and incorporate a list of materials they need to implement it.
Lesson 6: Impact of Weather
Students revisit, examine, refine, and re-present their designs from Lesson 5. During these presentations their classmates critique and evaluate the merit of their revisions. A general rubric is used in the evaluation of these revisions.
|Unit Technology Pack (includes digital access to teacher’s guide and student digital access to student reader)||1||Included|
|Weather and Climate Patterns Student Reader||1||Included|
|Sand, Marine, 5 lb||1||Included|
|Soil, Woodland Terrarium, 12 L||1||Included|
|Baking Soda, 16 oz||1||Included|
|Clamp Lamp, with Reflector||1||Included|
|Light Bulb, 72 W Eco, Soft White||2||Included|
|Cup, Plastic, Tall, 9 oz||24||Included|
|Tank, Plastic, 1 gal||8||Included|
|Ruler, Plastic, Metric (12”)||16||Included|
|Thermometer, V-Back, Metal, Immersion||8||Included|
|Cube, Unifix®, Red||150||Included|