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Building Blocks of Science® A New Generation: Push, Pull, Go

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Grade K. The Push, Pull, Go Unit Kit includes a Teacher’s Guide and enough supplies and apparatus for a class of up to 24 students. In the unit, students build science toys to discover how objects move. Using a foam ball, a line of tumbling dominos, a swing, a slide, and a spinning top, students are challenged to build a contraption that “works.” Each science toy that students build moves in a different but predictable pattern and helps students build an understanding of systems and moving objects.

 
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Grade K. The Push, Pull, Go Unit Kit includes a Teacher’s Guide and enough supplies and apparatus for a class of up to 24 students. During the unit, students build toys, apply force, and watch the results to discover how objects move as they work through a series of lessons about motion. Using a foam ball, a line of tumbling dominos, a KID K’NEX® swing, a slide, and a spinning top, student pairs are challenged to build a contraption that “works.” Each science toy that students build moves in a different but predictable pattern. As a result, students build a grade-level-appropriate concept of systems and an understanding of moving objects.

The Push, Pull, Go unit addresses the following standards:
Next Generation Science Standards
Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS2.A:
Forces and Motion
PS2.B: Types of Interactions
PS3.C: Relationships between Energy and Forces

Engineering Practices
Planning and Carrying Out Investigation
Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Crosscutting Concepts
Cause and Effect

Common Core State Standards
Language Arts

L.K.5 a, c
L.K.6
SL.K.2
SL.K.5
SL.K.6
W.K.2
W.K.5
W.K.8
Math
K.CC.A.1
K.CC.A.3
K.CC.B.5
K.CC.C.6
K.MD.A.1
K.MD.A.2
K.MD.B.3

American Association for the Advancement of Science Benchmarks
The Physical Setting—Motion

  • Things move in many different ways, such as straight, zigzag, round and round, back and forth, and fast and slow.
  • The way to change how something is moving is to give it a push or a pull.
Systems
  • Most things are made of parts.
  • Something may not work if some of its parts are missing.
  • When parts are put together, they can do things that they couldn’t do by themselves.

Models

  • Many toys are like real things in some ways but not others.
  • They may not be the same size, are missing many details, or are not able to do all of the same things.
  • A model of something is different from the real thing but can be used to learn something about the real thing.
  • One way to describe something is to say how it is and isn’t like something else.

Constancy and Change

  • People can keep track of some things, seeing where they come from and where they go.

Lesson-by-Lesson Summary
Lesson 1: Push, Pull, Roll

In Lesson 1, students explore force and motion using student-built toys made with KID K’NEX® building pieces. Students observe the motion and path of a ball rolling down a ramp and record the distance using nonstandard measurement. Students complete three Student Activity Sheets during this lesson. Student Activity Sheet 1A: Sort and Count helps familiarize students with the building pieces. Student Activity Sheet 1B: What I Built allows students to document what they create, and Student Activity Sheet 1C: How Far? helps students record data as they explore measuring distance.

Lesson 2: Push, Pull, Swing
In Lesson 2, students build a toy swing set that moves, and use it to explore patterns of movement related to force. Student Activity Sheet 2: Push, Pull, Swing helps students describe the swing set and its motion.

Lesson 3: Push, Pull, Tumble Students use dominos in Lesson 3 to explore the result of force transferred from one object to another. Student Activity Sheet 3: Dominos and a Push provides students with another opportunity to describe their setup and the motion of the system they build.

Lesson 4: Push, Pull, Spin
In Lesson 4, students explore force further as they build a toy top that spins and use the top to investigate spinning motion. Student Activity Sheet 4: Spinning Tops helps students record their ideas about the motion of spinning and how the top moves.

Lesson 5: Push, Pull, Invent
In Lesson 5, students have access to all the materials used in previous lessons to construct a model (an invention, Rube Goldberg-style) that is set in motion with a push or a pull. Students complete Student Activity Sheet 5A: My Invention, which documents the order of the steps they followed to design and build their invention. Student Activity Sheet 5B: Forces and Motion allows students to link a specific motion with one of the objects that they built during the unit. Both sheets are helpful assessment tools in this concluding lesson.

 
 
 
 
 

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