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Carolina® Gas Laws Kit

Item # 840289 Exclusive This product is exclusive to Carolina Biological Supply. With Digital This kit includes 1-year access to digital resources including videos, digital teacher’s manuals, printable student guides, interactive lessons, editable assessment questions, and more.

Product Highlights

  • Investigate the ideal gas law, plus Avogadro’s, Boyle’s, Charles’s, and Dalton’s gas laws in this station-based kit.
  • High school modeling activity with manipulatives and enough materials for 11 lab groups.
  • Carolina Kits 3D®—Labs that use phenomena to support NGSS and 3-dimensional instruction.



This item will ship on or about 10/5/21

A helium-filled weather balloon increasing in volume as it rises until it bursts serves as the investigative phenomenon. In part 1, students collect evidence from a series of activities that explore the relationships between the pressure, temperature, and volume of a gas. They make claims about the cause-and-effect relationships they observe between pairs of variables while developing an understanding of Boyle’s, Charles’s, and Gay-Lussac’s gas laws. In part 2, students use the ideal gas law to construct models of one mole of a gas at STP and at 3,000 meters depth in the ocean. In the assessment, students analyze meteorological data and calculate the volume of the weather balloon from the ground to its burst altitude to answer the driving question, “Why does the volume of a weather balloon increase as it rises in the atmosphere?”

Time Requirement
Total, 130 minutes. Teacher prep, 30 minutes. Pre-lab for homework. Investigation part 1, 50 minutes. Investigation part 2 and assessment, 50 minutes.

Digital Resources
Includes 1-year access to digital resources that support 3-dimensional instruction for NGSS. Digital resources may include a teacher manual and student guide, pre-lab activities and setup videos, phenomenon videos, simulations, and post-lab analysis and assessments.

Performance Expectations

Crosscutting Concepts
Cause and Effect

Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS3.A: Definitions of Energy

Science and Engineering Practices
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Learning Objectives

  • Observe how changing one variable affects the behavior of a gas.
  • Use evidence from observations to explain the relationships between the pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas, then identify the relationship as Boyle’s, Charles’s, or Gay-Lussac’s law.
  • Use the ideal gas law to create physical models showing the effect of pressure on one mole of gas.
  • Make a claim, supported by evidence, about how changing pressure, volume, and/or temperature affect a gas.

Prerequisite Knowledge and Skills
Students should have a basic understanding of the relationship between volume, pressure, and temperature in gases, as well as familiarity with the kinetic molecular theory.

  • This item is only available from Carolina Biological Supply Company.
  • Excepted Quantity - This product is/contains a DOT regulated hazardous material in an excepted quantity. This does not incur a hazardous materials fee. Orders shipping to HI and AK are subject to review and may incur additional shipping charges.

Product Families Featuring This Item:

Components Qty Included?
Acetone, 30 mL 1 Included
Petri Dishes 5 Included
Plastic Bottle 1 Included
Wooden Sticks 16 Included
Ping-Pong Balls 5 Included
Disposable Pipet 1 Included
Chenille Stems 200 Included
Syringes, 60 cc 4 Included
Syringes, 10 cc 10 Included
Syringe End Caps 5 Included
Long Balloons 20 Included
Round Balloons 10 Included
Fizz-Keeper 1 Included
Bubble Solution, 2 oz 1 Included
Carolina Science Online® Resources (1-year subscription) 1 Included
Teacher's Manual with Reproducible Student Guide 1 Included
Hot Pots or Boiling Water Baths 3 Needed, Not Included
Ice Water Baths 2 Needed, Not Included
Tongs 1 Needed, Not Included
Scissors 1 Needed, Not Included
Permanent Markers 2 Needed, Not Included
Heat-Resistant Gloves 2 Needed, Not Included
Digital Balance 1 Needed, Not Included
Rubber Band 1 Needed, Not Included
Flask, 125 mL 1 Needed, Not Included
Transparent Tape 1 Needed, Not Included
Ruler, 12-in 1 Needed, Not Included
Calculators 1 Needed, Not Included
Thermometer 1 Needed, Not Included
Classroom Wall Clock or Timing Device (for each station) 1 Needed, Not Included
Empty Soda Bottle, 2 L 1 Needed, Not Included
Empty Soda Can 1 Needed, Not Included
Mini Marshmallows, Fresh Needed, Not Included